Citing Sources in APA and not sure where to start? VCSU Library can help with that! Please use this page for examples of how to cite in text and in the bibliography in the APA style. See attachments for more examples and a sample APA paper. 


In Text Citations

Insert authors and dates of the works cited in the body of the text. All authors cited in the text must be included in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the study.

Direct Quotation (Surname, Year)
Two Authors (Surname1 & Surname2, Year)
3-5 Authors (First Mentions) (Surname1, Surname2, Surname3, Surname4, & Surname5, Year)
3-5 Authors (Subsequent Mentions) (Surname1 et al., Year)
6 or More Authors (Surname1 et al., Year)
Unknown Author ("Title of Work," Year) 



Bibliography 


Book Author, A.A. (year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
e-Book Author, A.A. (year). Title of Book. [e-Book Provider Version]. Retrieved from e-Book Provider's URL. 
Chapter in an Edited Book Author, A.A. (year). Title of Chapter. In A. Editor (Ed.) Title of Book (page range). Place of Publication: Publisher.
Journal Article Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of Article. Title of Journal, volume number, page numbers. doi:number
Class Lecture Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Lecture title [Format]. Retrieved from College Name Course name Course Management Name site.


Online Resources

APA Citation Guide


For more help citing sources please contact Emily Dafoe - we are happy to help!